CBS Sunday Morning on January 10, 2016
The Almanac feature was relevant to the concept of "innovation." On January 10, 1949, RCA Victor introduced the 45 rpm record. CBS Sunday Morning did not mention that CBS engineers had developed a 33 1/3 LP system, introduced one year earlier in 1948, which likely motivated the RCA people. Sunday Morning did not allude to the so-called "war of the speeds". The different formats were directed to different audiences. The 45 rpm record generally had only one song on each side, was cheaper than the LP, and more frequently bought by teen-agers, and thus contributed more strongly to spreading rock and roll to large audiences. The 45 rpm disk changed the way we live and is thus an innovation.
Of invention, Edison had initially used a cylinder rather than a disk, but the disks won out. As to the benefit of patents, by 1919 the basic patents for the manufacture of disk records had expired, opening the field for countless companies to produce them. These analog disk records would dominate the home entertainment market until they were gradually supplanted by the digital compact disk introduced in 1983.
As to the "inventiveness" of 33 1/3, RCA had introduced such a system in 1931, which was a commercial failure. Twenty-seven years later, the 12-inch (30 cm) Long Play (LP) 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove record album was introduced by the Columbia Record Company at a New York press conference on June 18, 1948.
If June 1948 sounds familiar, recall that Ralph Bown of Bell Labs introduced the transistor to the press on June 30, 1948 in New York City.
A story on Norman Lear (on Lear's proposed "Guess Who Died?" ) included text:
Lear noticed that older characters were relegated to marginal roles on TV -- eccentric neighbors or wise-cracking grandparents. "Where are people my age?" he said. "There were no shows about us, about our lives, about our attitudes, about our problems."
You'd think that Lear would have no problem getting his script produced. After all, this is the man who gave us landmark comedies like "Maude," "Good Times," and "All In the Family."
But since writing his script for "Guess Who Died?" five years ago, a total of zero network executives has shown interest.
Treating Lear's "guess who died" as an invention, one sees that investors would not touch the invention, much as investors would not touch Chester Carlson's xerography. Good inventions do not necessarily lead to innovation. In passing, one recalls that
"network executives" brought us the Jay Leno 10pm time slot, which did not work out too well.
and relevant to the concept of innovation (jets replacing piston fighter aircraft)
During World War II, Lear was a radio operator and gunner, flying more than 50 bombing missions over Germany and Italy. His escort during some of these dangerous flights: the famed all-black Tuskegee Airmen.
A few months ago, Lear met one of them, Professor Roscoe Brown, face-to-face for the first time.
"I shot down a jet over Berlin on a mission that you were on," said Brown. "March 24, 1945."
Yes, the Germans had jets during World War II in particular the Me-262. The Germans used the Me-262 to target bombers, as on March 24, 1945 over Berlin. From ww2f.com:
The Me 262 was way ahead of it's time. The ONLY proven method to successfully bring down an Me 262 was to attack it during take-off/landing. In the air, the Me 262's job was to bring down bombers. This role was one that would be successfull. The P-51 was a superb prop fighter but in a head on fight with the Me 262, it would not win. The P-51 could out turn the Me 262 to get away but to catch up and make a kill....nope.
Air & Space noted:
more than 1,400 Me 262s were manufactured, but only some 300 flew combat.
Read more: http://www.airspacemag.com/multimedia/the-worlds-first-combat-jet-78/#EYjUz8A5BeUf6WbQ.99
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The jet fighter craft was an innovation.
Martha Teichner reported on Rhiannon Giddens, including a quote by T Bone Burnett :
"I've been doing this 50 years now. It's no mystery anymore who's good and who's doing it -- you see?"
The moment of nature was on the Colorado Sand Dunes National Park.