Sunday, November 18, 2012

"60 Minutes" on November 18, 2012

Behind the scenes of a three year investigation of a drug cartel, nicknamed The Super Cartel. Agents from ICE, which agency works to prevent contraband from crossing US borders. In Sept. 2009, US agents arrived at Buena Ventura. Agents found $41 million in cash within containers. It took 30 days to count, which counting was done in Bogota. Money smuggled into Colombia. The cartel was run like a Fortune 500 company. Very compartmentalized. The cash led to three kingpins, one of which was known as "The Ghost." Super Cartel conveyed 42% of cocaine used in US. Clandestine labs near the coca fields. The leaves are soaked in gasoline to make unrefined cocaine. The kingpins ran the enterprise from coffee shops in Bogota. In face-to-face meetings in cafes, the kingpins issued orders to lieutenants. The kingpins lived in small apartments. "For the power." One ICE agent turned one of the Super Cartel people.
A semi-submersible was intercepted in the Galapagos Islands. Luis Caicedo, the Ghost.
Next, Claudio Silva, in 2010. Julio Lazano surrendered in Panama. There are people ready to step in and take their place. All three of the Super Cartel bosses are now in the United States.

Babies don't do much, or so conventional wisdom argues. Lesley Stahl covers work at the Yale Infant Cognition Center which suggests otherwise. "The Baby Lab." Probe what is going on the heads babies. The difference between right and wrong? How does a five month old see things. Can't answer a question, but can reach for a puppet. 3/4 of 5 month olds reach for the "nice" puppet. Even at age 3 months, a preference for nice people over mean people. Winn published in the journal Nature in the year 2007. The ball thief was deserving of punishment. Paul Bloom is in psychology at Yale. A baby is not an ignorant creature. Compare to B. F. Skinner. The Yale group suggests there is a universal moral core. But where does evil come from? Graham crackers or cheerios? The origin of bias. Babies have good feelings for puppets with similar tastes. Babies want the different puppet treated badly (87% of babies would allow harm to those with different preferences). We want "the other" to be punished. Not "taught to hate," but rather "born to hate." We have an initial moral sense. Understanding our earliest human instincts. A bias to favor the self is a very strong human bias. Experiments with older children. Kids (below age 8) would choose fewer tokens, provided they get more than the others, but this changes by age 10. Bias can be tempered.

Student athletes at the University of Michigan. The money football generates supports many other programs at universities.


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