60 Minutes on January 15, 2012
Qatar, small and prosperous Middle Eastern country; ritzier and wackier with a new hopsital, first-class orchestra, Qatari's are richest people in world. Wedged between Saudi Arabia and Iran, Qatar is a sliver of a country and has avoided the chaos, violence and killing of the Arab Spring. There have been no protests, no unrest. Ironically, many Arab leaders believe the engine behind the region's violent revolution is Al Jazeera, a 24-hour satellite television network based in Qatar.no social revolutions and no taxes. In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani became emir when he seized power from his father, Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, in a peaceful coup d'état. Family has ruled Qatar for more than 150 years. Emir is admired and feared by all in Middle East. Electricity, health, education and more are free. Doha, Qatar's capital, is breath-taking and an architectural dream; development has occurred in last generation. The work is being done by a million man army of immigrants: 94 percent of Qatar's labor force is foreign; Filipinos, Indians, Nepalese mainly - creating a home for a mere 250,000 Qataris. Third largest oil reserve, largest and most sophisticated refinery in world called "The Pearl" turns those reserves into liquid fuels. It cost $18 billion and took five years to build. It is the largest, most sophisticated plant of its kind and the centerpiece of the emir's strategy to keep Qatar rich. Six American universities, including Carnegie Mellon Qatar. Museum of Islamic Art. All services free, including funerals -- free from cradle to grave. Al jazeera was founded there 15 years ago and broadcasts in Arabic and English. Television shows are talking about Arab governments and rebellions; Egyptians watched the Tunisian revolution live on Al Jazeera, discussed it on Facebook, and took to the streets. Libyans watched the Egyptians. Yeminis watched the Libyans and the Syrians watched them all. Al Jazeera has become the region's only real reality show. Critics charge that Al-Jezeera is influenced by Emir. It was the emir's support that made it possible for the French, the British and the Americans to form a NATO coalition to overthrow the Libyan tyrant Qaddafi. The allies said they wouldn't do it without an Arab partner. The emir deployed six war planes to help enforce the no-fly zone, gave the rebels millions of dollars of weapons and military hardware, and didn't conceal Qatar's involvement. When Qaddafi's compound finally fell, Qatar's flag could be seen flying over. First fruitful coalition between the Arabs and the NATO to help an Arab country. Emir hosted by the queen, and last April, President Obama thanked him for helping promote democracy in the Middle East. But the emir also has good relations with Hamas which the U.S. labels a terrorist organization. Emir appears to have no ideology and, critics say, no loyalties. When his close personal friend Syrian President Assad refused to stop killing his people, the emir abandoned him. Today, he talks tougher than any other world leader on what should be done in Syria, that troops should go to Syria to stop the killing. Qatari's exhibit contentment. There have been no protests, no calls for democracy. What could an opposition offer that Qataris don't already have? But the emir just bought himself some additional insurance by raising the salaries of all Qatari government workers by 60%; soldiers and policemen by 120%. Nothing to do with politics. Basis of foreign policy is to be friends with everybody, particularly their Arab neighbors.
Jake Barnett, a 13 year old math and science prodigy. Runs out of wall space, moves onto windows. Does that become a burden? Not at all. Began taking college courses at age eight. Summer physics research project on PT symmetric lattice systems. "This has implications in fiber optics, electromagnetic signals, anything that requires like a light going through a cable. Every number or math problem I ever hear, I have permanently remembered." Never forget anything in math and science. He memorized more than 200 of pi's numbers (3.14159265358979323846264338327950...) in an afternoon, forward and backward. Not just parroting a textbook, Jake understands and analyzes the logic of higher mathematics, visualizing and solving complex problems by using what he calls the fourth dimension. Jake states that It's hard to describe in terms of the typical three, because it's tangent to all the other ones; he'd be able to describe it if he had a whiteboard and 30 minutes; It takes a while; it's a fourth dimension. Numbers appear to him as shapes that build on one another. Oldest of four children born to Michael and Kristine. Used $3,200 he made from his summer research project to turn his bedroom into a science lab. Joint scholarship at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) advanced astrophysics classes. Parents shocked when Jake was answering questions in university, which led to his attending. As a young child, diagnosed with autism. Parents directed his focus to math and science by five years old to pull out of it. In just two weeks, he taught himself all of high school math at ten years old to get into college. Joanne Ruthsatz, a psychology professor at Ohio State studying child prodigies for the last 13 years. She believes there's a link between autism and prodigies. "We know that child prodigies are having autistic relatives at a very high clip and some of them have autism themselves." She believes that what sets a prodigy with autism apart from other children with the condition is the prodigy's genes have been modified so that the genius emerges without many of the severe disabilities associated with autism. "In the general population of autism, 10 percent will have an autistic savant skill where they're exceptional at something. And they've only got that piece displaying itself." Says for prodigies - be it in math, music or art - the key to the extraordinary talent is extraordinary memory. His vocabulary is so adult. Jake is one in ten million. Literally aces every intelligence and memory test, forward and backward. Great memory and drive to learn more. his Jake's physics professor, Yogesh N. Jogelcar, oversaw Jake's research project. Their work was published in "Physical Review A". Jake is the youngest person to be published in that prestigious physics journal; professor state Jake is much more than a human calculator: "great memory does help him, of course; once he reads something, he remembers it, but what is more important is that he has the drive to learn more. He definitely stands out as a powerhouse of raw talent. Big man on campus. Enjoys sharing his gift with others. Jake is writing a book to help us overcome our fear of math and is on track to graduate at age 14 when he hopes to begin his doctoral studies.