Saturday, March 24, 2007

Have scientific journals learned from the fraud of Jan-Hendrik Schon?

Back in 2004, IPBiz posted a comment about the fraud of Jan-Hendrik Schon which included the text:

Part of the unresolved problem is the unwillingness of the scientific journals to publish criticisms of trendy work, as happened, for example, in the failure of Nature to publish the work of Solomon of IBM concerning Schon, a critique that proved to be correct (The letter of Paul Solomon to Nature is reproduced in Lawrence B. Ebert, “Say Goodnight, Gracie,” Intellectual Property Today (June 2003)). Independently of the ultimate resolution of “who is right,” the publication of well-reasoned commentaries alerts the readership of potential issues. Apparently, scientific journals and law reviews (e.g., the claim within the Harvard Law Review that the USPTO grants 97% of submitted applications) alike can be aware of problems with their published material, and yet do nothing to correct it.

In 2004 and 2005, the journal Science published the fraudulent work Hwang Woo-Suk. In 2006, LBE contacted the journal Science about an error in an article published on July 28, 2006. Science stood by the accuracy of the article. LBE published details on why Science was wrong in 88 JPTOS 743.

Wikipedia has a list of withdrawn papers of Schon:

On October 31, 2002, Science withdrew eight papers written by Schön [1]:

J. H. Schön, S. Berg, Ch. Kloc, B. Batlogg, Ambipolar pentacene field-effect transistors and inverters, Science 287, 1022 (2000)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, R. C. Haddon, B. Batlogg, A superconducting field-effect switch, Science 288, 656 (2000) [IPBiz note: In April 2000 in the journal Science (Science, 2000, 288, 656), Jan-Hendrik Schon of Bell Labs reported a realization of a field-effect device that allows switching between insulating and superconducting states, and his first footnote was to J. E. Lilienfeld, U.S. Patent 1,745,175 (1926).]
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, B. Batlogg, Fractional quantum Hall effect in organic molecular semiconductors, Science 288, 2338 (2000)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, A. Dodabala-pur, B. Batlogg, An organic solid state injection laser, Science 289, 599 (2000)
J. H. Schön, A. Dodabalapur, Ch. Kloc, B. Batlogg, A light-emitting field-effect transistor, Science 290, 963 (2000)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, H. Y. Hwang, B. Batlogg, Josephson junctions with tunable weak links, Science 292, 252 (2001)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, B. Batlogg, High-temperature superconductivity in lattice-expanded C60, Science 293, 2432 (2001)
J. H. Schön, H. Meng, Z. Bao, Field-effect modulation of the conductance of single molecules, Science 294, 2138 (2001)

On December 20, 2002, the Physical Review journals withdrew six papers written by Schön [2]:

J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, R. A. Laudise, and B. Batlogg, Electrical properties of single crystals of rigid rodlike conjugated molecules, Phys. Rev. B 58, 12952-12957 (1998)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, and B. Batlogg, Hole transport in pentacene single crystals, Phys. Rev. B 63, 245201 (2001)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, D. Fichou, and B. Batlogg, Conjugation length dependence of the charge transport in oligothiophene single crystals, Phys. Rev. B 64, 035209 (2001)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, and B. Batlogg, Mobile iodine dopants in organic semiconductors, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10803-10806
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, and B. Batlogg, Low-temperature transport in high-mobility polycrystalline pentacene field-effect transistors, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125304 (2001)
J. H. Schön, Ch. Kloc, and B. Batlogg, Universal Crossover from Band to Hopping Conduction in Molecular Organic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3843-3846 (2001)

On March 5, 2003, Nature withdrew seven papers written by Schön [3]:

Schön, J. H., Kloc, Ch. & Batlogg, B. Superconductivity at 52K in hole-doped C60. Nature 408, 549-552 (2000).
Schön, J. H. et al. Gate-induced superconductivity in a solution-processed organic polymer film. Nature 410, 189- 192 (2001).
Schön, J. H., Meng, H. & Bao, Z. Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors. Nature 413, 713-716 (2001).
Schön, J. H. et al. Superconductivity in single crystals of the fullerene C70. Nature 413, 831-833 (2001).
Schön, J. H. et al. Superconductivity in CaCuO2 as a result of field-effect doping. Nature 414, 434-436 (2001).


Post a Comment

<< Home